• ADHD;
  • bipolar disorder;
  • GAIN;
  • KIAA0564;
  • migraine;
  • whole-genome association study

Both migraine and bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) are complex phenotypes with significant genetic and nongenetic components. Epidemiological and clinical studies have showed a high degree of comorbidity between migraine and BPAD, and overlapping regions of linkage have been shown in numerous genome-wide linkage studies. To identify susceptibility factors for the BPAD/migraine phenotype, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 1001 cases with bipolar disorder collected through the NIMH Genetics Initiative for Bipolar Disorder and genotyped at 1 m single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as part of the Genetic Association Information Network (GAIN). We compared BPAD patients without any headache (n = 699) with BPAD patients with doctor diagnosed migraine (n = 56). The strongest evidence for association was found for several SNPs in a 317-kb region encompassing the uncharacterized geneKIAA0564 {e.g. rs9566845 [OR = 4.98 (95% CI: 2.6–9.48), P = 7.7 × 10−8] and rs9566867 (P = 8.2 × 10−8)}. Although the level of signficance was significantly reduced when using the Fisher's exact test (as a result of the low count of cases with migraine), rs9566845 P = 1.4 × 10−5 and rs9566867 P = 1.5 × 10−5, this region remained the most prominent finding. Furthermore, marker rs9566845 was genotyped and found associated with migraine in an independent Norwegian sample of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients with and without comorbid migraine (n = 131 and n = 324, respectively), OR = 2.42 (1.18–4.97), P = 0.013. This is the first GWAS examining patients with bipolar disorder and comorbid migraine. These data suggest that genetic variants in the KIAA0564 gene region may predispose to migraine headaches in subgroups of patients with both BPAD and ADHD.