A simple assay to study social behavior in Drosophila: measurement of social space within a group1
Version of Record online: 23 NOV 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Genes, Brain and Behavior © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd and International Behavioural and Neural Genetics Society
Genes, Brain and Behavior
Volume 11, Issue 2, pages 243–252, March 2012
How to Cite
Simon, A. F., Chou, M.-T., Salazar, E. D., Nicholson, T., Saini, N., Metchev, S. and Krantz, D. E. (2012), A simple assay to study social behavior in Drosophila: measurement of social space within a group. Genes, Brain and Behavior, 11: 243–252. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-183X.2011.00740.x
- Issue online: 28 JAN 2012
- Version of Record online: 23 NOV 2011
- Accepted manuscript online: 19 OCT 2011 07:50AM EST
- Received 24 September 2011, accepted for publication 12 October 2011
Additional Supporting Information may be found in the online version of this article:
Figure S1: Histograms of social distance in which the X-axis represents the distances separating two neighboring flies, in increments (or bins) of 0.5 cm, and the Y-axis represents the percentage of flies in each bin ± SEM. (a–c) Social space is relatively independent of group size and correlated to social interactions. (a) Impact of group size. Graph represents the comparison of social distance histograms at densities of 10–40 flies per test chamber. Over a density range of 20–40 flies per chamber, the repartition of the flies represented by the histograms was not statistically different, but the proportion of flies two body lengths apart or less (first bin, see text) was lower at a density of 10 flies, do have larger social distance, and less of them are found in the first bin (n = 8 trials, number of male flies indicated Kolmogorov–Smirnov comparison indicates that the data sets are different – P < 0.0001). (b and c) Social space is affected by social experience. (b) Virgin flies show less social interaction. Graph represents the comparison of histograms for the social distance of flies 3–4 days old (aged with the same gender), or mated (housed gender mixed) flies; males housed with males (virgin), n = 10 trials of ∼40 flies, males housed with females (gender mixed), n = 21 trials of 40 flies; females, virgin, n = 11 trials of ∼40, house gender mixed, n = 14 trials of 40 flies (Kolmogorov–Smirnov comparison indicates that the two data sets of gender mixed vs. virgin are different – P < 0.001 for males and P < 0.013 for females). (c) Isolated flies show less social interaction. Graph represents the comparison of histograms of social distance of flies ∼10 days old, collected from bottles at ∼3 days old and aged for 7 days either alone or socially enriched in groups of 40 flies of same gender. Males n = 5–6 trials of ∼40 flies, females n = 5 trials of ∼40, for both males and females comparisons, Kolmogorov–Smirnov comparison indicates that the data sets of isolated vs. socially enriched are different – P < 0.0001 for males, P < 0.019 for females. (d and e) Social distance is not modified in odor perception mutants. (d) paraslb−1, compared with genetic background Cs males, n = 6 trials of ∼40 flies. (e) Or83b1 and Or83b2 compared with genetic background Cs males, n = 6 trials of ∼40 flies. Kolmogorov–Smirnov comparison indicates that the data sets are not different. (f) Flies show a lesser degree of social interaction in darkness, under a red light. Graph represents the comparison of social distance in light and dark conditions (Cs males, n = 15 trials of ∼40 flies, Kolmogorov–Smirnov comparison indicates that the data sets are different – P < 0.001). (g) Outcrossed mutants white, disrupting the eye pigments localization, show less social aggregation (w1118Cs10, outcrossed 10 times, indicated as w), compared with their genetic control Cs. In males, n = 21 trials for Cs and n = 18 for w, and in females, n = 16 trials for Cs and n = 12 trials for w. Kolmogorov–Smirnov comparison indicates that the data sets of the two genotypes are different (P < 0.0001 for males, P < 0.05 for females).
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