Selection for high alcohol preference drinking in mice results in heightened sensitivity and rapid development of acute functional tolerance to alcohol's ataxic effects

Authors

  • B. M. Fritz,

    1. Indiana Alcohol Research Center and Department of Psychology, Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN, USA
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  • N. J. Grahame,

    1. Indiana Alcohol Research Center and Department of Psychology, Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN, USA
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  • S. L. Boehm II

    Corresponding author
    • Indiana Alcohol Research Center and Department of Psychology, Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN, USA
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Corresponding author: S. L. Boehm II, PhD, Department of Psychology, Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis, 402 N Blackford St, LD124, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. E-mail: slboehm@iupui.edu

Abstract

Propensity to develop acute functional (or within session) tolerance to alcohol (ethanol) may influence the amount of alcohol consumed, with higher drinking associated with greater acute functional tolerance (AFT). The goal of this study was to assess this potential correlated response between alcohol preference and AFT in second and third replicate lines of mice selectively bred for high (HAP2 and HAP3) and low (LAP2 and LAP3) alcohol preference drinking. Male and female mice were tested for development of AFT on a static dowel task, which requires that animals maintain balance on a wooden dowel in order to prevent falling. On test day, each mouse received one (1.75 g/kg; Experiment 1) or two (1.75 and 2.0 g/kg; Experiment 2) injections of ethanol; an initial administration before being placed on the dowel and in Experiment 2, an additional administration after the first regain of balance on the dowel. Blood samples were taken immediately after loss of balance [when blood ethanol concentrations (BECs) were rising] and at recovery (during falling BECs) in Experiment 1, and after first and second recovery in Experiment 2. It was found that HAP mice fell from the dowel significantly earlier and at lower BECs than LAP mice following the initial injection of ethanol and were therefore more sensitive to its early effects. Furthermore, Experiment 1 detected significantly greater AFT development (BECfalling − BECrising) in HAP mice when compared with LAP mice, which occurred within ∼30 min, supporting our hypothesis. However, AFT was not different between lines in Experiment 2, indicating that ∼30–60 min following alcohol administration, AFT development was similar in both lines. These data show that high alcohol drinking genetically associates with both high initial sensitivity and very early tolerance to the ataxic effects of ethanol.

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