CYP4A11, which is a member of the cytochrome P450 family, acts mainly as an enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), a metabolite involved in the maintenance of cardiovascular health. Recently, it was reported that many subfamilies of CYP genes have an association with myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of the present study was to assess the association between the human CYP4A11 gene and MI, using a haplotype-based case-control study with a separate analysis of the gender groups.
A total of 239 MI patients and 285 controls were genotyped for 3 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the human CYP4A11 gene (rs2269231, rs1126742, rs9333025). The data obtained via haplotype-based case-control studies were assessed for 3 separate groups: total subjects, men, and women.
For the total, men and women groups, the distribution of the genotypes and alleles of the 3 SNPs did not show any significant difference between the MI patients and the control subjects. For the total and the men groups, the overall distribution of the haplotypes constructed with the 3 SNPs significantly differed between the MI patients and control subjects (P < 0.001). Also, for the total and for the men, the frequency of the T-T-A haplotype constructed with the 3 SNPs was significantly lower for the MI patients than for the control subjects (both P < 0.001).
The T-T-A haplotype constructed with the 3 SNPs appears to be a protective genetic marker for MI in Japanese men.