Background: Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) is recommended for the treatment of Sézary syndrome (SS), the leukemic variant of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Several combination therapies are used to increase response rates to ECP.
Patients and Methods: We report our experience with the combination therapy of ECP, interferon-α, PUVA and topical corticosteroids in SS.
Results: The treatment outcome in 12 SS patients was retrospectively analyzed and showed an overall response rate to this combination treatment of 42 % with 4/12 patients achieving a partial remission and 1/12 patients a stable disease. The median overall survival time was 42 months. We investigated several clinical and laboratory parameters as an indicator for a response to treatment in our patient cohort. A combined analysis of the erythroderma assessment scale, WBC, LDH, CD4/CD8 ratio and the number of Sézary cells revealed that a reduction of several parameters significantly correlated with response to treatment. The parameters which correlated best with response were number of Sézary cells, CD4/CD8 ratio and WBC.
Conclusions: The investigated combination therapy was effective and well-tolerated in a subgroup of SS patients but needs to be evaluated in a larger patient population.