• • atopic dermatitis;
  • • eczema;
  • • rhinitis;
  • • therapy;
  • • specific immunotherapy;
  • • antihistamines

Summary  Atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis frequently appear together in the same patients. The pathogenesis of both disorders is complex and still incompletely understood. Nevertheless, pathophysiological overlaps suggest the existence of potential therapeutic co-effects. While data pointing towards a positive effect of allergen elimination for both diseases is still limited, there is now increasing evidence showing beneficial effects of specific immunotherapy in patients suffering from atopic dermatitis and additional type I allergies. H1-antihistamines were also found to exert moderate positive effects on the symptoms of atopic dermatitis in single studies. In summary, a limited therapeutic co-effect of the above mentioned treatment options can be expected in case of the parallel existence of atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis in the same patient. More studies on this issue during the next years are desirable. In addition, a better understanding of the pathophysiology should have a positive impact on the treatment of atopic manifestations such as atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis.