Selective Vitamin B12 Malabsorption without Anaemia but with Profound Failure to Thrive

Authors


(I. A. A.) Department of Child Health Medical School Buildings Foresterhill Aberdeen AB9. 2ZD, U.K.

Abstract

ABSTRACT. A 7-month-old boy presented with vomiting and failure to thrive associated with proteinuria, methylmalonic aciduria and macrocytosis, but without anaemia. Plasma vitamin B12 levels were normal by a radio-dilution method. He was treated as an inborn error of metabolism with intramuscular cyanocobalamin and a low protein diet. However when treatment was withdrawn he remained well for 11 months before relapsing with vomiting and weight loss. Re-investigation again showed methylmalonic aciduria, but the haemoglobin was low and plasma vitamin B12 levels by a specific method showed them to be reduced. Studies of vitamin B12 absorption showed the picture of selective malabsorption. He was started on regular cyanocobalamin injections.

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