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To evaluate if an energy-dense porridge liquefied by amylase-rich flour (ARF) from germinated wheat increased the calorie intake in children with acute shigellosis, we studied 66 children, aged 6-35 months, in a randomized, controlled clinical trial. Children were randomized to receive either an energy-dense porridge liquefied with ARF (group 1), a thick unaltered porridge (group 2) or a porridge diluted with water (group 3) to a similar viscosity as that in group 1. MeanSD calorie intakes (kJ/kg/ day) from the porridges were 280 113, 167100 and 15180 in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively (p = 0.006, ANOVA). Total energy intakes (meanSD) from the study diet and other food sources were 469151, 377121 and 351look J/kg/day, respectively (p= 0.006, ANOVA). Intake of breast milk was similar in all groups. Using multiple regression analysis the effect of ARF-treated energy-dense porridge in increasing the calorie intake persisted after adjusting for a number of confounders, such as age of the child, isolation of Shigella dysenteriae type 1 and fever. The results of this study suggest that ARF-treated porridge increases energy intake in infants and young children during acute shigellosis. This feeding approach may be useful in preventing malnutrition following dysentery due to shigellosis.Amylase, energy-dense, energy intake, liquefied, shigellosis

D Mahalanabis, Clinical Sciences Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, GPO Box 128, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh