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Keywords:

  • Vitamin K;
  • prothrombin time;
  • remature;
  • neonate

Recommendations for vitamin K supplementation were recently changed to 3 x 1 mg orally in healthy term neonates and 0.2 mg parenterally in prematures and high-risk neonates. Prothrombin times (PT) at reduced vitamin K doses (120 patients, 170 samples) during the first 6 weeks of life were below 40% in 6 patients only; all low PTs were unrelated to vitamin K. In the remaining patients, median PT was 100%; 79% of patients had values above 70%. PT was related to birthweight, gestational age and age. There was no decrease over the observation period. Following reduced oral and parenteral vitamin K regimens PTs were well within published reference values for neonates given larger amounts of vitamin K.