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Keywords:

  • Cranial ultrasound;
  • Doppler;
  • electroencephalography;
  • evoked potentials;
  • magnetic resonance imaging;
  • neonatal neurology

Coinciding with improved overall management of the very preterm infant, more techniques have become available to assess the neurological well-being of these high-risk infants. An overview is given of the different techniques which are now used in many neonatal intensive care units, and their value in predicting neurodevelopmental outcome is discussed. Attention is mainly focused on cranial ultrasound, electroencephalography and the different evoked potential modalities.