Born small for gestational age: relation to future allergy and asthma

Authors


B Hesselmar, Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, SE-416 85 Göteborg, Sweden (Tel. +46 31 343 4000, fax. +46 31 343 4760, e-mail: bill.hesselmar@medfak.gu.se)

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate whether intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) protects against the development of allergy. Methods: A case-control study of 1515 subjects (15–25 y), of whom 430 were cases (birthweight/length below – 2 SD for gestational age). Birth data were from the national birth register. The frequencies of allergic diseases were evaluated by questionnaire. Results: For the 950 who replied, the frequencies of allergic diseases were similar in cases and controls.

Conclusion: IUGR does not protect against the development of allergy.

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