Iron status in a group of Norwegian children aged 6–24 months
Article first published online: 2 JAN 2007
Volume 93, Issue 5, pages 592–598, May 2004
How to Cite
Hay, G., Sandstad, B., Whitelaw, A. and Borch-Iohnsen, B. (2004), Iron status in a group of Norwegian children aged 6–24 months. Acta Paediatrica, 93: 592–598. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2004.tb02983.x
- Issue published online: 2 JAN 2007
- Article first published online: 2 JAN 2007
- Received Oct. 1, 2003; revision received Dec. 22, 2003; accepted Jan. 20, 2004
- Iron deficiency;
- iron status;
- serum ferritin
An adequate iron status is of vital importance for health and development in infancy and early childhood. Iron status was evaluated in a group of full-term Norwegian children followed longitudinally, at the ages of 6 mo (n= 278), 12 mo (n= 249) and 24 mo (n= 231) by measuring haemoglobin (Hb), mean cell volume (MCV) and serum ferritin. At 6, 12 and 24 mo of age, 3, 10 and 12%, respectively, had iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) defined as Hb <110 g/l in combination with ferritin <15 μg/l. With more restrictive criteria for defining IDA 10 μg/l) increased from 2 to 3% at 6 mo, from 5 to 7% at 12 mo and from 9 to 13% at 24 mo.
Conclusion: Mild iron deficiency anaemia exists among otherwise healthy Norwegian infants and toddlers. The prevention and early treatment of iron deficiency should be a priority for the child health services.