• 1
    Krug EG, Sharma GK, Lozano R. The global burden of injuries. Am J Pub Health 2000; 90: 5236.
  • 2
    Deen JL, Vos T, Huttly SR, Tulloch J. Injuries and noncommunicable diseases: emerging health problems of children in developing countries. Bull World Health Org 1999; 77: 51824.
  • 3
    Bartlett SN. The problem of children's injuries in low-income countries: a review. Health Policy Plan 2002; 17: 113.
  • 4
    Brener A, El-Rufaie OE, Al-Suweidi NE. Pediatric injuries in an Arabian gulf country. Inj Prevent 1996; 3: 2246.
  • 5
    Mukhopadhyay S. A study of accident injury cases among children (1–12 years) in an industrial township of West Bengal. J Ind Med Assoc 1981; 76: 21012.
  • 6
    Mwaura LW, Katsivo MN, Amuyunzu M, Muniu E. Childhood accidents in an urban community in Kenya. East Afr Med J 1994; 71: 5069.
  • 7
    Abantanga FA, Mock CN. Childhood injuries in an urban area of Ghana a hospital-based study of 677 cases. Pediatr Surg Int 1998; 13: 5158.
  • 8
    Gaspar VL, Lamounier JA, Cunha FM, Gaspar JC. Factors related to hospitalization due to injuries in children and Adolescents. J Pediatr (Rio J) 2004; 80: 44752.
  • 9
    Del Ciampo LA, Ricco RG, De Almeida CA, Mucillo G. Incidence of childhood accidents determined in a study of home surveys. Ann Trop Paediatr 2001; 21: 23943.
  • 10
    Bangdiwala SI, Anzola-Perez E, Romer CC, Schmidt B, Valdez-Lazo F, Toro J, et al . The incidence of injuries in young people: I. Methodology and results of a collaborative study in Brazil, Chile, Cuba and Venezuela. Int J Epidemiol 1990; 19: 11524.
  • 11
    Baracat EC, Paraschin K, Nogueira RJ, Reis MC, Fraga AM, Sperotto G. Accidents involving children in the region of Campinas, Brazil. J Pediatr (Rio J) 2000; 76: 36874.
  • 12
    World Health Organization. 2002. The injury chart book: a graphical overview of the global burden of injuries. Available at: http// Accessed February 28, 2007.
  • 13
    World Health Organization. Child and adolescent injury prevention: a global call to action. Geneva , Switzerland : World Health Organization. Available at: Accessed November 1, 2005.
  • 14
    Herrera EJ, Viano JC, Aznar IL, Suarez JC. Postraumatic intracranial hematomas in infancy: a 16-year experience. Child Nerv Syst 2000; 16: 5859.
  • 15
    Murgio A, Fernandez Mila J, Manolio A, Maurel D, Ubeda C. Minor head injury at paediatric age in Argentina. J Neurosurg Sci 1999; 43: 1523; discussion 23–4.
  • 16
    Rahman F, Ali Y, Andersson R, Svanstrom L. Epidemiology of injury: results from injury registration at a district level hospital in Bangladesh—implications for prevention in low-income countries. Inj Control Saf Promot 2001; 8: 2936.
  • 17
    Melo JR, Silva RA, Moreira ED Jr. Characteristics of patients with head injury at Salvador City (Bahia–Brazil). Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2004; 62: 7114 (in Portuguese).
  • 18
    Fonseca SS, Victora CG, Halpern R, Barros AJ, Lima RC, Monteiro LA, et al . Risk factors for accidental injuries in preschool children. J Pediatr (Rio J) 2002; 78: 97104 (in Portuguese).
  • 19
    Chan CC, Luis BP, Chow CB, Cheng JC, Wong TW, Chan K. Unintentional residential child injury surveillance in Hong Kong. J Paediatr Child Health 2003; 39: 4206.
  • 20
    Serrano JC, Chalela P, Arias JD. Epidemiology of childhood ocular trauma in a northeastern Colombian region. Arch Ophthalmol 2003; 121: 143945.
  • 21
    Howe LD, Huttly SRA, Abramsky T. Risk factors for injuries in young children in four developing countries: the young lives study. Trop Med Int Health 2006; 11: 155766.
  • 22
    Gedlu E. Accidental injuries among children in north-west Ethiopia. East Afr Med J 1994; 71: 80710.
  • 23
    Mock CN, Abantanga F, Cummings P, Koepsell TD. Incidence and outcome of injury in Ghana: a community-based survey. Bull World Health Organ 1999; 77: 95564.
  • 24
    Dhinga N, Yunus M, Sinha SN, Zaheer M, Khan A. Trauma patients in an Indian hospital. J R Soc Health 1990; 110: 679.
  • 25
    Tabish A, Lone NA, Afzal WM, Salam A. The incidence and severity of injury in children hospitalised for traumatic brain injury in Kashmir. Injury 2006; 37: 4105.
  • 26
    Tandon JN, Kalra K, Sahn SC, Nigam CB, Queresh GU. Profile of accidents in children. Ind Pediatr 1993; 30: 76.
  • 27
    Mohammadi R, Ekman R, Svanstrom R, Gooya MM, Unintentional home-related injuries in the Islamic republic of Iran: findings from the first year of a national program. Public Health 2005; 119: 91924.
  • 28
    Broides A, Assaf M. Home accidents in Arab Bedouin children in southern Israel. J Child Health Care 2003; 7: 20714.
  • 29
    Tenge RK, Ndungu JM. Blunt abdominal trauma in children at Kenyatta National Hospital. East Afr Med J 1999; 76: 5802.
  • 30
    Muyembe VM, Suleman N. Head injuries at a provincial hospital in Kenya. East Afr Med J 1999: 2005.
  • 31
    Odero WO, Kibosia JC. Incidence and characteristics of injuries in Eldoret, Kenya. East Afr Med J 1995; 72: 70610.
  • 32
    Chan HC, Aasim WA, Abdullah NM, Naing NN, Abdullah JM, Saffari MH, et al . Characteristics and clinical predictors of minor head injury in children presenting to two Malaysian accident and emergency departments. Singapore Med J 2005; 46: 21923.
  • 33
    Mukhida K, Mohan RS, Shilpakar SK. Pediatric neurotrauma in Kathmandu, Nepal: implications for injury management and control. Child Nerv Sys 2006; 22: 35262.
  • 34
    Tercero F, Andersson R, Pena R, Rocha J, Castro N. The epidemiology of moderate and severe injuries in a Nicaraguan community: a household-based survey. Public Health 2006; 120: 10614.
  • 35
    Noe R, Rocha J, Clavel-Arcas C, Aleman C, Gonzales ME, Mock C. Occupational injuries identified by an emergency department based injury surveillance system in Nicaragua. Inj Prevent 2004; 10: 22732.
  • 36
    Odebode TO, Abubakar AM. Childhood head injury: causes, outcome, and outcome predictors. A Nigerian perspective. Pediatr Surg Int 2004; 20: 34852.
  • 37
    Ahmed M, Shah MA, Luby S, Philomena D, Wali S. Survey of surgical emergencies in a rural population in the northern areas of Pakistan. Trop Med Int Health 1999; 12: 84657.
  • 38
    Raja IA, Vohra AH, Ahmed M. Neurotrauma in Pakistan. World J Surg 2001; 25: 12307.
  • 39
    Arcadio RL, Fajardo N, Agrasada MG, Araba A, Gabriel E, Gomez C. Childhood accidents: part 1: a hospital based epidemiological survey. Philippines J Pediatr 2002; 47: 6470.
  • 40
    Lalloo R, Van As AB. Profile of children with head injuries treated at the trauma unit of Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, 1991–2001. S Afr Med J 2004; 94: 5446.
  • 41
    Swart LA, Seedat M, Stevens G, Ricardo I. Violence in adolescents' romantic relationships: findings from a survey amongst school-going youth in a South African community. J Adolesc 2002; 25: 38595.
  • 42
    Lerer LB, Matzopoulos RG, Phillips R. Violence and injury mortality in the Cape Town metropole. S Afr Med J 1997; 87: 298301.
  • 43
    Kibel SM, Bass DH, Cywes S. Five years' experience of injured children. S Afr Med J 1990; 78: 38791.
  • 44
    Aloysius DJ, Ediriweera SA, Panagamuwa B, Krishnarajah V, Karunaratna GW. Home accidents in Sri Lanka—multicentre study. Ceylon Med J 1996; 41: 1514.
  • 45
    Maziak W, Ward K, Rastam S. Injuries in Aleppo, Syria; first population-based estimates and characterization of predominant types. BMC Public Health 2006; 6: 63.
  • 46
    Sayi EN, Mlay SM. Abdominal injuries in children at Muhimbili Medical Centre, Dar es Salaam. East Afr Med J 1993; 70: 1202.
  • 47
    Moshiro C, Heuch I, Astrom AN, Setel P, Hemed Y, Kvale G. Injury morbidity in an urban and a rural area in Tanzania: an epidemiological survey. BMC Public Health 2005; 28: 511.
  • 48
    Moshiro C, Mswia R, Alberti KG, Whiting DR, Unwin N, for the AMMP Project Team. The importance of injury as a cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa: results of a community-based study in Tanzania. Public Health 2001; 115: 96102.
  • 49
    Mlay SM. Head injury in children: a study of 120 cases. East Afr Med J 87882.
  • 50
    Bulut M, Koksal O, Korkmaz A, Turan M, Ozguc H. Childhood falls: characteristics, outcome, and comparison of the injury severity score and new injury severity score. Emerg Med J 2006; 23: 5405.
  • 51
    Yagmur Y, Guloglu C, Aldemir M, Orak M. Falls from flat-roofed houses: a surgical experience of 1643 patients. Injury 2004; 35: 4258.
  • 52
    Kobusingye O, Guwatudde D, Lett R. Injury patterns in rural and urban Uganda. Inj Prevent 2001; 7: 4650.
  • 53
    Hang HM, Bach TT, Byass P. Unintentional injuries over a 1-year period in a rural Vietnamese community: describing an iceberg. Public Health 2005; 119: 46673.
  • 54
    Krabbe CA, Rutten JP, Phiri Y, Heiji HA. Prevalence and outcome of paediatric and adolescent limb fractures in rural Zambia. S Afr J Surg 2003; 41: 8991.
  • 55
    Chidzonga MM. Facial fractures in children. Cent Afr J Med 1987; 33: 2747.