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Keywords:

  • BMI reference values;
  • Cross-sectional study;
  • Growth curve;
  • Obesity;
  • Undernutrition

Abstract

The aim of this study was to derive the mean and ±1, 2 and 2.5 SD body mass index (BMI) reference ranges as a supplement to the BMI centile reference values published previously for the same group of Japanese children. It is based on 14 012 boys and 13 781 girls of 1.5–18.5 years of age as studied in 1978–1981. The LMS method was utilized for the study.

Conclusions: The BMI-SD reference values and charts presented have appropriately reflected the age-dependent skewed distribution of BMI values, and could be a useful tool in growth and nutritional evaluation of Japanese children.