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The change in ghrelin and obestatin levels in obese children after weight reduction

Authors


Correspondence
Li Liang, The Children's Hospital of Zhejiang
University School of Medicine, 57 Zhugan Xiang,
Hangzhou 310003, China.
Tel: +86-15067123060 |
Fax: +86-571-87033296 |
Email: zou108cc@yahoo.com

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the role of ghrelin and obestatin in obesity mechanisms.

Methods: A total of 88 obese children and 25 normal children were enrolled. Moreover, 46 obese children took part in a summer camp for weight reduction. Fasting ghrelin, obestatin and other biochemical parameters were measured in all subjects and re-measured in 45 obese children finishing the camp.

Results: The ghrelin levels in the control and obese groups were 67.26 ± 23.41 pmol/L and 56.53 ± 15.97 pmol/L with a significant difference (p = 0.039), while the obestatin levels (89.41 ± 23.63 vs. 83.13 ± 17.21 pmol/L) were not significantly different (p = 0.083). The ghrelin/obestatin ratio in the controls was significantly higher than that in the obese group (p = 0.014). In the latter, fasting insulin and alanine aminotransferase were independent factors for ghrelin; fasting insulin, weight and gender were independent factors for obestatin and alanine aminotransferase was an independent factor for ghrelin/obestatin. Moreover, ghrelin, obestatin and ghrelin/obestatin increased after weight reduction (p < 0.05, respectively), and the increment in ghrelin and obestatin was associated with a decrement in insulin resistance.

Conclusion: These data suggest that ghrelin, obestatin and/or the ghrelin/obestatin ratio are associated with obesity in childhood.

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