These authors contributed equally.
Relationship of food frequencies as reported by parents to overweight and obesity at 5 years
Article first published online: 24 SEP 2008
©2008 The Author(s)/Journal Compilation ©2008 Foundation Acta Pædiatrica/Acta Pædiatrica
Volume 98, Issue 1, pages 139–143, January 2009
How to Cite
Huus, K., Brekke, H. K., Ludvigsson, J. F. and Ludvigsson, J. (2009), Relationship of food frequencies as reported by parents to overweight and obesity at 5 years. Acta Paediatrica, 98: 139–143. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2008.01043.x
- Issue published online: 9 DEC 2008
- Article first published online: 24 SEP 2008
- Received 30 January 2008; revised 1 August 2008; accepted 26 August 2008.
- Food frequency;
Aim: To investigate if food frequencies are related to overweight/obesity in 5-year-old children.
Methods: During 1997–1999, 21 700 infants were invited to participate in ABIS (All Babies in Southeast Sweden), a prospective, cohort study. Participants were followed from birth (n = 16 058) to 5 years (n = 7356). Food frequencies reported by parents at 2.5 and 5 years were studied in the relation to overweight/obesity at 5 years using multiple logistic regressions. A p-value < 0.01 was considered statistically significant.
Results: At 2.5 years frequencies of intake of cheese were positively associated with overweight/obesity at 5 years while porridge, fried potatoes/french fries and cream/crème fraiche showed a negative association. When adjusting for known risk factors, porridge and fried potatoes/french fries remained negatively associated with overweight/obesity. At 5 years, chocolate and lemonade were positively associated with overweight/obesity whereas cream/crème fraiche, pastries and candy were negatively associated. Candy remained negatively associated to overweight/obesity after adjustment for potential confounders.
Conclusion: Food frequencies do not offer any simple explanation for overweight/obesity. Porridge at 2.5 years may protect against overweight/obesity at 5 years, while lemonade may contribute to overweight. Our finding that fried potatoes/french fries may protect against overweight/obesity is unexpected and must be interpreted with caution. These findings should be confirmed by prospective studies using objective recordings.