We report a case of a profoundly hypothermic newborn with a core temperature of 25°C with a successful recovery and normal neurological outcome at 3 and 6 months. This term male infant had been exposed to a temperature of −3°C for approximately 30 min. Slow re-warming, using external modalities was used in addition to volume expansion, heparinization, antibiotics and sedation. There is limited information available concerning the safest and most effective method of re-warming hypothermic newborns. Slow re-warming has been advocated as it replicates the normal physiological process in a neonate, which minimizes a negative therapy impact.
Conclusion: The most significant decision regarding treatment is the identification of the most appropriate method and speed of re-warming. This report supports recommendations for gradual re-warming of a severely hypothermic newborn. Physiological cardiovascular mechanisms seemed to be intact during slow re-warming; this might be applicable to the treatment of profound hypothermia of the newborn.