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Keywords:

  • Gastroenteritis;
  • Rotavirus;
  • Toxic megacolon

Abstract

Rotavirus is a leading cause of gastroenteritis in young children, which may indicate hospitalization due to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Most cases are self-limited with good prognosis. The association between rotavirus and toxic megacolon has never been mentioned in the literature. We report a case of toxic megacolon secondary to rotavirus gastroenteritis.

Conclusion:  Toxic megacolon can occur in patients with rotavirus gastroenteritis. An abdominal radiograph should be taken for patients with rotavirus gastroenteritis who have systemic toxicity and persistent abdominal fullness.