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Anxiety in children and adolescents with chronic physical illnesses: a meta-analysis

Authors


Martin Pinquart, Department of Psychology, Philipps University, Gutenbergstrasse 18, D-35032 Marburg, Germany. Tel: +49-6421-2823626 |Fax: +49-6421-2823685 |Email: pinquart@staff.uni-marburg.de

Abstract

To compare levels of anxiety of children with chronic illness with healthy peers and population norms. Meta-analysis integrated results from 332 studies. Children with chronic illness had elevated levels of anxiety (d = 0.18 standard deviation units). Strongest elevations were found for chronic fatigue syndrome, migraine/tension headache, sensory impairment and epilepsy. Paediatricians should screen for anxiety symptoms in children at risk and offer interventions, if needed.

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