Aim: Our aim was to determine bronchial hyper-responsiveness (BHR) and fractional exhaled NO (FeNO) in a cohort followed and treated for Crohn’s disease (CD) in a Pediatric Gastroenterology Unit.
Methods: Consecutive children with CD were referred to the Pediatric Pulmonary Unit. Each patient completed a questionnaire, followed by spirometry, methacholine challenge test (MCT) and determination of FeNO. The control group included patients evaluated for functional cough who had negative MCT.
Results: Twenty-three children and young adults (mean age, 17.39 ± 2.96 years) with CD were compared to 24 healthy controls. 20/23 patients received immunomodulating treatment. Forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1) was significantly lower prior to (93.74 ± 10.81%, p = 0.009) and at the end of (78.91 ± 18.39%, p = 0.001) the MCT in the CD group compared with the control group (102.2 ± 10.477% and 95.33 ± 11.075%, respectively). Bronchial hyper-responsiveness was observed in 30.4% of patients with CD. FeNO levels were 15.37 ± 24.17 in CD and 11.38 ± 5.42 in the control group (p = 0.21). Neither the response to MCT nor FeNO levels were affected by the disease duration or activity index.
Conclusion: In our series, BHR is less frequent than previously described in children with CD. We hypothesize that our finding could result from immunomodulating treatments or lower disease activity.