Aim: To compare two different regimens for children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes: hospital-based care or hospital-based home care (HBHC), referring to specialist care in a home-based setting.
Method: The trial took place in Sweden with a randomized controlled design and included 60 children, aged 3–15 years. After 2–3 days with hospital-based care, children were randomized to either continued hospital-based care or to HBHC for 6 days. The primary outcome was the child’s metabolic control after 2 years. Secondary outcomes were set to evaluate the family and child situation as well as the healthcare services. This article presents data 6 months after diagnosis.
Results: Results showed equivalence between groups in terms of metabolic control, insulin dose, parents’ employment and working hours as well as parents’ and significant others’ absence from work related to the child’s diabetes. Parents in the HBHC were more satisfied with the received health care and showed less subsequent healthcare resource use. The level of risk for the family’s psychosocial distress assessed at diagnosis was associated with the subsequent use of resources, but not with metabolic control.
Conclusion: HBHC was found to be an equally safe and effective way of providing care as hospital-based care at the onset of type 1 diabetes for children who are medically stable.