Does bilingualism cause language problems?
Growing up in a bilingual family provides a child with the advantage of acquiring two languages from the start. But could simultaneous bilingualism cause language problems? When Marit Korkman et al. compared Swedish–Finnish bilingual children with Swedish-speaking monolinguals, they found that bilingualism may result in a slower development of vocabulary, but it does not seem to cause any specific language problems (pp. 946–952).
Antibiotics prescribing in Europe
European primary paediatricians significantly overestimate the risks associated with not prescribing antibiotics, as well as the clinical benefit of antibiotics in minor upper respiratory tract infection. This was revealed in a survey evaluating knowledge, attitudes and practice of antibiotic prescribing among primary care paediatricians all over Europe. Zachi Grossman et al. (pp. 935–940).
Vaccination and risk of allergy
Concerns exist in the primary health care with regard to the administration of vaccines to children who may be at risk of allergic reactions or anaphylaxis. These children are often referred to the hospital, which may delay their vaccination. When John Cronin et al. looked at data from vaccinations in hospital for allergic children, they found that the risk for a reaction was very low. The majority of the children could have been safely managed in the primary health care (pp. 941–945).
Belly dancer syndrome – caused by dislocated ear tube
In belly dancer syndrome, also known as diaphragmatic flutter, the patient suffers from rapid involuntary contractions of the diaphragm and ancillary muscles. Marta Coelho and Mårten Kyllerman describe a 14-year-old boy with belly dancer syndrome, which was assumed to be caused by a dislocated ear tube. The authors suspect that the dislocated tube stimulated the nerve involved in the classical ear-cough reflex, which in this specific case caused contractions of the diaphragm (pp. e386–e387).
High prevalence of childhood obesity in North Norway
The prevalence of overweight and obesity among 6-year-old children is somewhat higher in the Finnmark County in North Norway compared with other parts of Norway, especially among girls. In a survey of 1774 children in Finnmark, 19% were classified as overweight or obese. For girls, the rate was significantly higher, 22%, compared with 16% in boys. The overall numbers are higher compared with results from other surveys in Norway carried out in the same period. Ane Kokkvoll et al. (pp. 924–928).