Modified anthropometry in prepubertal Israeli children while excluding the head’s weight and height
Article first published online: 14 AUG 2012
© 2012 The Author(s)/Acta Pædiatrica © 2012 Foundation Acta Pædiatrica
Volume 101, Issue 11, pages e496–e499, November 2012
How to Cite
Makhoul, I., Abulhija, H., Smolkin, T., Shehadeh, N. and Hochberg, Z. (2012), Modified anthropometry in prepubertal Israeli children while excluding the head’s weight and height. Acta Paediatrica, 101: e496–e499. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2012.02792.x
- Issue published online: 1 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 14 AUG 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 19 JUL 2012 03:42PM EST
- Received 11 April 2012; revised 13 July 2012; accepted 17 July 2012.
- Body mass index;
- Head circumference;
Aim: A methodological inadequacy in anthropometric measurements of children exists because of an age-dependent decelerating contribution of the head to body weight (Wt) and height (Ht). Hence, we aimed to assess the contribution of head measurements to anthropometry (Ht, Wt and BMI) in healthy prepubertal children.
Methods: This prospective study was conducted in 300 2- to 9-year-old typically growing children. Head-excluded (HE) Ht was determined by a stadiometer that measured the distance from the foot plate to the lower margin of protuberance occipitalis externa. Head’s weight was calculated from the head volume using three different measurements of the head circumference.
Results: In the typically growing children, the HE/standard (STD) ratios for Wt and Ht increased significantly with age (p < 0.001 for both), but the HE/STD ratio for BMI did not increase with age.
Conclusion: Measurement of body Wt and Ht while excluding the head’s Wt and Ht provides a new dimension to standard anthropometry by eliminating the age-dependent head bias with its unique pattern of growth and minimal adipose tissue.