Alternative female kangaroo care for procedural pain in preterm neonates: a pilot study
Article first published online: 13 SEP 2012
© 2012 The Author(s)/Acta Pædiatrica © 2012 Foundation Acta Pædiatrica
Volume 101, Issue 11, pages 1147–1150, November 2012
How to Cite
Johnston, C., Byron, J., Filion, F., Campbell-Yeo, M., Gibbins, S. and Ng, E. (2012), Alternative female kangaroo care for procedural pain in preterm neonates: a pilot study. Acta Paediatrica, 101: 1147–1150. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2012.02813.x
- Issue published online: 1 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 13 SEP 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 5 SEP 2012 10:35AM EST
- Received 16 July 2012; revised 5 August 2012; accepted 7 August 2012.
- Kangaroo care;
- Preterm neonates;
- Procedural pain
Aim: To determine the feasibility and effect size of kangaroo care (KC) for pain from heel lance in preterm neonates provided by either the infant’s mother (MKC) or an unrelated alternate female (AFKC).
Methods: Using a randomized crossover design, preterm neonates (n = 18) between 28 and 37 weeks gestational age within 10 days of life from two university-affiliated level III NICU’s undergoing routine heel lance were assigned to receive KC 30 min before and during the procedure from either their mother (MKC) or an unrelated woman. In the second heel lance procedure at least 24 h later but within 10 days, the infants were crossed over to the other condition.
Results: There was a 48% participation rate, with only 40 of 82 eligible cases having maternal consent. The main reason for refusal was discomfort with another woman providing kangaroo care. The effect sizes on the pain scores (PIPP) were small, ranging from .23 to .43 across the first 2 min of procedure.
Conclusion: The difference between nonrelated females and the mother in decreasing pain response is small, although not negligible. Given the high refusal rate, nonrelated females are a less desirable alternative to mothers than fathers.