Large parts of the world are brown or black: A different view on the ‘Green World’hypothesis
Article first published online: 24 FEB 2009
2005 IAVS - the International Association of Vegetation Science
Journal of Vegetation Science
Volume 16, Issue 3, pages 261–266, June 2005
How to Cite
Bond, W. J. (2005), Large parts of the world are brown or black: A different view on the ‘Green World’hypothesis. Journal of Vegetation Science, 16: 261–266. doi: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2005.tb02364.x
- Issue published online: 24 FEB 2009
- Article first published online: 24 FEB 2009
- Received 28 October 2004; Accepted 27 April 2005. Co-ordinating Editor: S. Díaz.
- Climate-vegetation relationship;
- Fire ecology;
- Global biome;
- Herbivory by mammals;
- Trophic ecology
Abstract. Climate sets the limits to plant growth but does climate determine the global distribution of major biomes? I suggest methods for evaluating whether vegetation is largely climate or consumer-controlled, focusing on large mammal herbivores and fire as influential consumers. Large parts of the world appear not to be at equilibrium with climate. Consumer-controlled ecosystems are ancient and diverse. Their distinctive ecology warrants special attention.