SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Photo S1. Dominant stand of the invasive alien Heracleum mantegazzianum (Giant Hogweed) on abandoned grassland near Copenhagen, Denmark, in October 2008. The 3-m-tall flower stalks have died off giving space to the next cohort of vegetative adult plants that will flower next year (photo J. Kollmann).

Photo S2.Lupinus polyphyllus (Large-leafed Lupin) invades abandoned Crane's Bill-Yellow Oat meadows (Geranio–Trisetetum Knapp ex Oberd. 1957) and Mat-Grass pastures (Polygalo-Nardetum Oberd. 57) in the Rhön Biosphere Reserve, Central Germany, 700–900 m a.s.l. (photo A. Otte).

Photo S3. Large stands of the invasive alien Lupinus polyphyllus (Large-leafed Lupin) suppress species-rich grassland (Crane's Bill-Yellow Oat meadows (Geranio–Trisetetum Knapp ex Oberd. 1957) and Mat-Grass pastures (Polygalo-Nardetum Oberd. 57)) in the managed zone of the Rhön Biosphere Reserve, Central Germany, 700–900 m a.s.l., allowing nitrophilous tall-herb communities to arise (photo A. Otte).

Photo S4. The invasive alien shrub Rosa rugosa (Japanese Rose), flower and hips on the island of Amrum, Germany (photo M. Isermann).

Photo S5. Initial stages of Rosa rugosa (Japanese Rose) invasion on white dunes in northern Zealand, Denmark (photo J. Kollmann).

Photo S6. The invasive alien Rosa rugosa (Japanese Rose) forms extensive, dense thickets on coastal dunes. The picture shows invaded grey dunes on Langeoog, Germany, covered by about 2 ha of white and pink flowering Rosa rugosa, June 2008 (photo M. Isermann).

Table SA1. Sociological species groups and corresponding vegetation classes. Species assigned to different sociological groups for different datasets are marked: H, Heracleum mantegazzianum dataset; L, Lupinus polyphyllus; R, Rosa rugosa.

Please note: Wiley-Blackwell is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting materials supplied by the authors. Any queries (other than missing material) should be directed to the corresponding author for the article.

FilenameFormatSizeDescription
JVS_1139_sm_photos1.jpg3472KSupporting info item
JVS_1139_sm_photos2.jpg2844KSupporting info item
JVS_1139_sm_photos3.jpg3740KSupporting info item
JVS_1139_sm_photos4.jpg833KSupporting info item
JVS_1139_sm_photos5.jpg3190KSupporting info item
JVS_1139_sm_photos6.jpg1977KSupporting info item
JVS_1139_sm_tables1.doc47KSupporting info item

Please note: Wiley Blackwell is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting information supplied by the authors. Any queries (other than missing content) should be directed to the corresponding author for the article.