• Fund for Peace (2011). The Failed States Index 2011. Washington, DC: The Fund for Peace. Available online at
  • Gause III, F. G. (2011). Why Middle East Studies Missed the Arab Spring: The Myth of Authoritarian Stability. Foreign Affairs 90(4): 8190.
  • Johnston, H. 2011, States and Social Movements. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
  • Kuran, T. (1991). The East European Revolution of 1989: Is It Surprising that We Were Surprised? American Economic Review 81(2): 12125.
  • Kuran, T. (1995). The Inevitability of Future Revolutionary Surprises. American Journal of Sociology 100(6): 152851.
  • Kurzman, C. 2004, The Unthinkable Revolution in Iran. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Nepstad, S. E. 2011, Nonviolent Revolutions: Civil Resistance in the Late 20th Century. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Sanderson, S. K. (2010). Revolutions: A Worldwide Introduction to Social and Political Contention. 2nd ed. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.
  • Snow, D. and S. A. Soule (2010). A Primer on Social Movements. New York: W. W. Norton.
  • Trotsky, L. (2007 [1930]). History of the Russian Revolution. New York: Pathfinder.