Clinical and Radiographic Evaluation of the 5-mm Diameter Regular-Platform Brånemark Fixture:2- to 5-Year Follow-up
Article first published online: 30 OCT 2006
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research
Volume 4, Issue 1, pages 16–26, January 2002
How to Cite
Tawil, G., Mawla, M. and Gottlow, J. (2002), Clinical and Radiographic Evaluation of the 5-mm Diameter Regular-Platform Brånemark Fixture:2- to 5-Year Follow-up. Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, 4: 16–26. doi: 10.1111/j.1708-8208.2002.tb00147.x
- Issue published online: 30 OCT 2006
- Article first published online: 30 OCT 2006
- Branemark System;
- titanium oral implant;
- treatment result
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to report the clinical results obtained with 5-mm diameter regular-platform Brånemark implants after 2 to 5 years of follow-up. A secondary aim was to compare the clinical outcome to that of adjacently placed standard 3.75-mm fixtures in the same patients under the same operative condition and in the same prosthetic construction.
Materials and Methods: Sixty patients, with a mean age of 54 years, received a total of 97 5-mm diameter regular-platform fixtures. The majority of the implants were placed at molar sites. In 41 of the patients, 53 5-mm diameter implants were placed adjacent to 62 standard 3.75-mm diameter fixtures in the same prosthetic reconstruction. All implants were submerged for an average period of 4 to 6 months. Abutment connection was done according to standard protocol. The prosthetic treatment consisted of freestanding fixed bridges.
Results: The cumulative survival rate of the 5-mm diameter implants loaded for a period of 2 to 5 years was 96.9%. Only three implants failed. They were placed in type 4 bone in the posterior maxilla. Bone loss over the first year was 0.70 mm and over a 3-year period 0.81 mm. Implants placed in type 4 bone showed significantly higher bone loss. No difference in the resorption rate could be found between the maxillary and the mandibular implants or between the various implant lengths. There was no significant difference between the bone loss around the 5-mm diameter fixtures and the adjacent 3.75-mm diameter standard fixtures.
Conclusion: The present study demonstrated a high predictability of 5-mm diameter regular-platform implants when placed in the posterior maxilla and mandible.