An Interdisciplinary Treatment Approach Combining Orthodontic Forced Eruption with Immediate Implant Placement to Achieve a Satisfactory Treatment Outcome: A Case Report

Authors

  • Yu-Hsiang Chou MD,

    1. Attending staff of Division of Periodontics, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan;
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  • Je-Kang Du MD,

    1. attending staff of Division of Prosthodontics, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan;
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  • Szu-Ting Chou MD,

    1. attending staff of Division of Orthodontics, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan;
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  • Kai-Fang Hu MD,

    1. chief resident of Division of Periodontics, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan;
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  • Chi-Cheng Tsai PhD,

    1. professor of College of Oral Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan;
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  • Kun-Yen Ho PhD,

    1. chairman of Division of Periodontics, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, and associate professor of School of Dentistry, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan;
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  • Yi-Min Wu PhD,

    1. attending staff of Division of Periodontics, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, and associate professor of School of Dentistry, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan;
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  • Ya-Ping Ho PhD

    Corresponding author
    1. attending staff of Division of Periodontics, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, and assistant professor of School of Dentistry, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
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Dr. Ya-Ping Ho, School of Dentistry, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, No. 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan; e-mail: phho@kmu.edu.tw

ABSTRACT

Background: Periodontal disease often results in severely bony defects around the teeth and leads to eventual extraction. Remaining bone morphology often compromises ideally restoration-driven positions and deteriorates the success rates for dental implants.

Purpose: The present investigation illustrates the clinical outcome of immediately installing an implant following orthodontic forced eruption and atraumatic extraction.

Material and Methods: The subject of this study is a 40-year-old Asian female with a right mandibular first molar that had a deep probing depth on the mesial side and mobility. Via the aid of radiographic examination, the tooth that had an angular bony defect and apical lesion was diagnosed as having deep caries and chronic periodontitis with a poor prognosis. After consultation with the patient, we developed a treatment plan incorporating a forced eruption with immediate implantation, intended to augment the alveolar bone volume and increase the width of keratinized gingivae, in a nonsurgical manner.

Results: Following 12 months of orthodontic treatment, the tooth was successfully moved occlusally in conjunction with an 8 mm vertical interdental bone augmentation. Because of sufficient volume of bone and satisfactory gingival dimensions, the implant showed adequate initial stability in the correct position to facilitate physiological and aesthetic prerequisites. After 6 months of ossteointegration, a customized impression coping was utilized to transfer the established emergence profile to a definitive cast for the fabrication of a customized abutment. The final prosthesis was made using a customized metal abutment and ceramometal crown.

Conclusion: In the face of difficult clinical challenges, meticulous inspection and a comprehensive treatment plan were crucial. Interdisciplinary treatment through the careful integration of multiple specialists suggests the possibility of optimal results with high predictability.

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