Survival and Chipping of Zirconia-Based and Metal–Ceramic Implant-Supported Single Crowns
Article first published online: 10 OCT 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research
Special Issue: Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research Prosthodontic Supplement 2012: Contemporary Insight Into Implant Prosthodontics
Volume 14, Issue Supplement s1, pages e119–e125, May 2012
How to Cite
Schwarz, S., Schröder, C., Hassel, A., Bömicke, W. and Rammelsberg, P. (2012), Survival and Chipping of Zirconia-Based and Metal–Ceramic Implant-Supported Single Crowns. Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, 14: e119–e125. doi: 10.1111/j.1708-8208.2011.00388.x
- Issue published online: 10 MAY 2012
- Article first published online: 10 OCT 2011
- single crowns;
Purpose: The objective of this retrospective study was to compare the incidence of chipping of implant-supported, all-ceramic, and metal–ceramic single crowns.
Material and Methods: One hundred fifty-three patients (51.7% male, mean age 55.0 years) received 232 cemented implant-supported single crowns. One hundred and seventy-nine crowns had a metal framework (gold alloy) and 53 crowns were all-ceramic (zirconia framework and glass–ceramic veneer material). Age, gender, kind of cementation, and location of the restorations were assessed as possible factors affecting chipping.
Results: During the observation period of up to 5.8 years (mean 2.1 years; standard deviation 1.4), a total of 13 (24.5%) all-ceramic and 17 (9.5%) metal–ceramic crowns suffered from chipping, a difference that was statistically significant. A total of ten single crowns had to be remade resulting in survival of 86.8% (all-ceramic) and 98.3% (metal–ceramic). The other possible factors did not have a significant effect on the chipping.
Conclusion: Chipping was found to be more frequent for all-ceramic implant-supported single crowns. If the reasons for the vulnerability of all-ceramic crowns remain unknown, implants with all-ceramic single crowns should generally be recommended with care.