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A 1-Year Prospective Study on Co-Axis® Implants Immediately Loaded with a Full Ceramic Crown

Authors

  • Stefan Vandeweghe DDS,

    1. Dentist, PhD student, Department of Periodontology & Oral Implantology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium
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  • Jan Cosyn DDS, MSc, PhD,

    1. periodontist, professor, Department of Periodontology & Oral Implantology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium
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  • Eric Thevissen DDS, MSc,

    1. periodontist, PhD student, Department of Periodontology & Oral Implantology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium
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  • Linda Van den Berghe DDS, MSc, PhD,

    1. prosthodontist, professor, Department of Periodontology & Oral Implantology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium
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  • Hugo De Bruyn DDS, MSc, PhD

    Corresponding author
    1. periodontist, professor, chairman of the department, Department of Periodontology & Oral Implantology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium
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Professor Dr Hugo De Bruyn, Department of Periodontology & Oral Implantology, University Hospital of Ghent – P8, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Ghent, Belgium; e-mail: hugo.debruyn@ugent.be

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The Co-Axis® implant (Southern Implants®, Irene, South Africa) has a 12-degree angle in the implant neck to overcome angulation problems.

Aim: To examine bone loss, peri-implant health, and aesthetical outcome after 1-year follow-up.

Materials and Methods: Fifteen single implants were placed in 14 patients in the premaxilla and immediately loaded with a screw-retained full ceramic crown. Periapical radiographs and standardized photographs were taken to determine bone loss and soft tissue changes. Plaque and bleeding levels were assessed. Patients' satisfaction was measured using the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 questionnaire.

Results: After 1 year, all implants survived and mean bone loss was 1.20 mm, with no significant changes after 6 months. Plaque levels were low and no significant changes were observed. Bleeding levels decreased during the initial 3 months, but were constant thereafter. Before final torqueing was performed after 6 months, four cases of screw loosening occurred. Also, one crown had a piece of porcelain chipped off. Patients reported an overall increase in well-being. A mean midfacial recession of 0.37 mm was observed. The mesial papilla showed a slight increase of 0.14 mm, while the distal papilla decreased 0.35 mm.

Conclusion: With 100% survival and stable bone levels after 6 months, the Co-Axis implant showed a good clinical outcome when immediately loaded. The use of a full ceramic crown as a first and final restoration resulted in a good aesthetic outcome with few changes in papilla fill, although midfacial soft tissue was stable only after 1 year.

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