• 1
    Williamson JA, Fenner PJ, Burnett JW, Rifkin J. Venomous and poisonous marine animals: a medical and biological handbook. Sydney : New South Wales University Press, 1996.
  • 2
    Flecker H, Cotton BC. Fatal bite from octopus. Med J Aust 1955; 2:329332.
  • 3
    Sutherland SK, Lane WR. Toxins and mode of envenomation of the common ringed or blue banded octopus. Med J Aust 1969; 1:893898.
  • 4
    Liggins JB. An unusual bathing fatality. NZ Med J 1939; 203:2729.
  • 5
    Russell FE, Panos TC, Kang LW, Warner AM, Colket TC. Studies on the mechanism of death from stingray venom: a report of two fatal cases. Am J Med Sci 1958; 235:566584.
  • 6
    Rathjen WF, Halstead BW. Report on two fatalities due to stingrays. Toxicon 1969; 6:301302.
  • 7
    Knight J. Obituary: Andonis Neofitou, better known as Anthony Newly. Spums J 1989; 19:197198.
  • 8
    Wright-Smith R. J. A case of fatal stabbing by stingray. Med J Aust 1945; 2:466467.
  • 9
    Fenner PJ, Williamson JA, Skinner RA. Fatal and non-fatal stingray envenomation. Med J Aust 1989b; 151:621625.
  • 10
    Smith JLB. Two rapid fatalities from stonefish stabs. Copeia 1957; 3:249.
  • 11
    Cooper NK. Historical vignette—the death of an Australian army doctor on Thursday Island in 1915 after envenomation by a stonefish. J R Army Med Corps 1991; 137:104105.
  • 12
    Auerbach PS, Yalko DM, Nossos PS, et al. Bacteriology of the marine environment: implications for clinical therapy. Ann Emerg Med 1987; 16:643649.