Melioidosis: An Imported Case From Madagascar


Gianandrea Borgherini, MD, Service de Pneumologie et Maladies Infectieuses, Groupe Hospitalier Sud Réunion, BP 350, 97448 Saint Pierre, La Réunion, France. E-mail:


Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis, is endemic in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia but is a rare pathogen in other parts of the world. No human case of melioidosis has been reported in Madagascar until now. We describe a case of pulmonary melioidosis probably acquired in Madagascar.