• 1
    Ashbee HR, Evans EG, Viviani MA, et al. Histoplasmosis in Europe: report on an epidemiological survey from the European Confederation of Medical Mycology Working Group. Med Mycol 2008; 46:5765.
  • 2
    Alonso D, Munoz J, Letang E, et al. Imported acute histoplasmosis with rheumatologic manifestations in Spanish travelers. J Travel Med 2007; 14:338342.
  • 3
    García-Vázquez E, Velasco M, Gascón J, et al. Infección por Histoplasma capsulatum en un grupo de cooperantes en Guatemala. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2005; 23:274276.
  • 4
    Gascón J, Torres JM, Luburich P, et al. Imported Histoplasmosis in Spain. J Travel Med 2000; 7:8991.
  • 5
    Gascón J, Torres JM, Jiménez M, et al. Histoplasmosis infection in Spanish travelers to Latin America. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2005; 24:839841.
  • 6
    Gil-Brusola A, Peman J, Santos M, et al. Disseminated histoplasmosis with hemophagocytic syndrome in a patient with AIDS: description of one case and review of the Spanish literature. Rev Iberoam Micol 2007; 24:312316.
  • 7
    Deepe GS. Histoplasma capsulatum. In: MandellGL, BennettJE, DolinR, eds. Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingston, 2000:27182733.
  • 8
    Norman FF, Martin-Davila P, Fortun J, et al. Imported histoplasmosis: two distinct profiles in travelers and immigrants. J Travel Med 2009; 16:258262.
  • 9
    Ginarte M, Pereiro M Jr, Toribio J. Imported paracoccidioidomycosis in Spain. Mycoses 2003; 46:407411.
  • 10
    Horre R, Schumacher G, Alpers K, et al. A case of imported paracoccidioidomycosis in a German legionnaire. Med Mycol 2002; 40:213216.
  • 11
    Mayr A, Kirchmair M, Rainer J, et al. Chronic paracoccidioidomycosis in a female patient in Austria. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2004; 23:916919.
  • 12
    Morejon KM, Machado AA, Martinez R. Paracoccidioidomycosis in patients infected with and not infected with human immunodeficiency virus: a case-control study. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2009; 80:359366.
  • 13
    Paniago AM, de Freitas AC, Aguiar ES, et al. Paracoccidioidomycosis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus: review of 12 cases observed in an endemic region in Brazil. J Infect 2005; 51:248252.
  • 14
    Wheat LJ, Garringer T, Brizendine E, Connolly P. Diagnosis of histoplasmosis by antigen detection based upon experience at the histoplasmosis reference laboratory. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 2002; 43:2937.
  • 15
    Bialek R, Feucht A, Aepinus C, et al. Evaluation of two nested PCR assays for detection of Histoplasma capsulatum DNA in human tissue. J Clin Microbiol 2002; 40:16441647.
  • 16
    Guedes HLD, Guimares AJ, Muniz MD, et al. PCR assay for identification of Histoplasma capsulatum based on the nucleotide sequence of the Mantigen. J Clin Microbiol 2003; 41:535539.
  • 17
    Rickerts V, Bialek R, Tintelnot K, et al. Rapid PCR-based diagnosis of disseminated histoplasmosis in an AIDS patient. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2002; 21:821823.
  • 18
    Toranzo AI, Tiraboschi IN, Fernandez N, et al. Molecular diagnosis of human histoplasmosis in whole blood samples. Rev Argent Microbiol 2009; 41:2026.
  • 19
    Buitrago MJ, Berenguer J, Mellado E, et al. Detection of imported histoplasmosis in serum of HIV-infected patients using a real-time PCR-based assay. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2006; 25:665668.
  • 20
    Buitrago MJ, Gomez-Lopez A, Monzon A, et al. Assessment of a quantitative PCR method for clinical diagnosis of imported histoplasmosis. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2007; 25:1622.
  • 21
    Guiot HM, Bertran-Pasarell J, Tormos LM, et al. Ileal perforation and reactive hemophagocytic syndrome in a patient with disseminated histoplasmosis: the role of the real-time polymerase chain reaction in the diagnosis and successful treatment with amphotericin B lipid complex. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 2007; 57:429433.
  • 22
    Martagon-Villamil J, Shrestha N, Sholtis M, et al. Identification of Histoplasma capsulatum from culture extracts by real-time PCR. J Clin Microbiol 2003; 41:12951298.
  • 23
    Cisalpino PS, Puccia R, Yamauchi LM, et al. Cloning, characterization, and epitope expression of the major diagnostic antigen of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. J Biol Chem 1996; 271:45534560.
  • 24
    Mendes-Giannini MJ, Bueno JP, Shikanai-Yasuda MA, et al. Detection of the 43,000-molecular-weight glycoprotein in sera of patients with paracoccidioidomycosis. J Clin Microbiol 1989; 27:28422845.
  • 25
    Buitrago MJ, Merino P, Puente S, et al. Utility of Real-time PCR for the detection of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis DNA in the diagnosis of imported paracoccidioidomycosis. Med Mycol 2009; 47:879882.
  • 26
    San Blas G, Nino-Vega G, Barreto L, et al. Primers for clinical detection of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. J Clin Microbiol 2005; 43:42554257.
  • 27
    De Pauw B, Walsh TJ, Donnelly JP, et al. Revised definitions of invasive fungal disease from the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Invasive Fungal Infections Cooperative Group and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Mycoses Study Group (EORTC/MSG) Consensus Group. Clin Infect Dis 2008; 46:18131821.
  • 28
    White TJ, Bruns S, Lee S, Taylor J. Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal genes for phylogenetics. In: InnisMA, GelfandJ, SninskyJ, WhiteTJ, eds. PCR protocols. A guide to methods and applications. San Diego: Academic Press, 1990:315324.
  • 29
    Burggraf S, Olgemoller B. Simple technique for internal control of real-time amplification assays. Clin Chem 2004; 50:819825.
  • 30
    Kauffman CA. Diagnosis of histoplasmosis in immunosuppressed patients. Curr Opin Infect Dis 2008; 21:421425.
  • 31
    Wheat J. Endemic mycoses in aids - a clinical review. Clin Microbiol Rev 1995; 8:146159.