Preexposure Rabies Vaccination Schedule
Article first published online: 24 FEB 2012
© 2012 International Society of Travel Medicine
Journal of Travel Medicine
Volume 19, Issue 2, page 136, March/April 2012
How to Cite
Tepper, M. and Schofield, S. (2012), Preexposure Rabies Vaccination Schedule. Journal of Travel Medicine, 19: 136. doi: 10.1111/j.1708-8305.2011.00593_1.x
- Issue published online: 13 MAR 2012
- Article first published online: 24 FEB 2012
To the Editor-in-Chief:
We read with interest the results of the study by Dr Mills and colleagues regarding the use of a modified intradermal (ID) preexposure rabies vaccination schedule [two ID doses on each of days 0 and 7 and a single ID dose with serology on days 21 to 28 (TRID2 schedule)].1 Their results suggest that this approach “works” in seroconverting to an acceptable antibody level almost all participants using the TRID2 schedule.
We acknowledge that the TRID2 schedule could afford some advantage where time is short and the typical approach (single ID doses on days 0, 7, and 28 followed by serology 2 to 3 weeks after the last ID dose) is not feasible. However, we suggest that the utility of the study could have been substantially enhanced if additional schedules had been evaluated, in particular, a parallel schedule wherein only single ID doses are provided on days 0 and 7. There is evidence that even a single ID dose on day 0 will seroconvert to an acceptable antibody level, at 1 month post-vaccination, most [97/101 (96%)] vaccinees,2 similar to the TRID2 schedule; it is suspected that giving a single ID dose at 0 and at 7 days would enhance the seroconversion rate and antibody level even further. Also, in a small study, single ID doses at 0, 3, and 7 days were associated with an acceptable antibody level at 1 year post-vaccination in 15/16 (94%) of vaccinees.3
Using single ID doses vice the TRID2 dosing may well achieve similar seroconversion rates but reduce the cost (the TRID2 dosing entails five doses of vaccine while the usual ID dosing schedule only uses three doses of vaccine, ie, 60% of the vaccine cost) and avoids having to use an “off-label” approach as in the TRID2 schedule.
Martin Tepper 1 and Steven Schofield 1
Declaration of Interests
The views expressed in this letter are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Department of National Defence of Canada.