We congratulate Gautret and Parola on their comments[1] in response to our review of human rabies cases in travelers.[2] We could not agree more. It is indeed crucial for everybody at risk of exposure to rabies to be made aware of that risk. This refers not only to people living in endemic areas but also to travelers visiting endemic areas. Everybody needs to be informed of this specific risk, which can only be minimized by avoiding contact with animals, taking the appropriate measures without delay when exposed, and considering the risks and benefits of pre-exposure prophylactic vaccination. As suggested by the Global Alliance for Rabies Control,[3] dealing with rabies should always be a multi-disciplinary, intersectoral endeavor, looking beyond the rim of the teacup. The fight against rabies can only be successful if medical, veterinarian, and public health experts work closely together, including those specialized in travel medicine.

  • Claudius Malerczyk and Dieter Gniel

  • Medical Affairs, Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics

  • GmbH, Marburg, Germany


  1. Top of page
  2. References
  • 1
    Gautret P, Parola P. Rabies vaccination in travelers: a global perspective. J Travel Med 2012; in press.
  • 2
    Malerczyk C, Detora L, Gniel D. Imported human rabies cases in Europe, the United States, and Japan, 1990 to 2010. J Travel Med 2011; 18:402407.
  • 3
    Briggs DJ. The role of vaccination in rabies prevention. Curr Opin Virol 2012; 2:309314.