Two Approaches to Measuring Women's Work in Developing Countries: A Comparison of Survey Data from Egypt
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
© 2008 The Population Council, Inc.
Population and Development Review
Volume 34, Issue 2, pages 283–305, June 2008
How to Cite
Langsten, R. and Salen, R. (2008), Two Approaches to Measuring Women's Work in Developing Countries: A Comparison of Survey Data from Egypt. Population and Development Review, 34: 283–305. doi: 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2008.00220.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
Keyword and activities list approaches to measuring women's work are compared. The two approaches were applied to the same population of women in Egypt in two consecutive surveys. The widely used keyword approach underestimates women's work rates, disproportionately excluding poor and poorly educated women, particularly those working in nonformal jobs. The activities list approach captures these missed economic activities and also the multiple jobs women hold simultaneously. Survey measurement of women's work must be improved to fully account for women's contributions to economic life and to better understand the relationship of work to such other important variables and processes as reproductive change, child welfare, and economic development.