Occupational Trajectories of Legal US Immigrants: Downgrading and Recovery
Article first published online: 5 SEP 2008
© 2008 The Population Council, Inc.
Population and Development Review
Volume 34, Issue 3, pages 435–456, September 2008
How to Cite
Akresh, I. R. (2008), Occupational Trajectories of Legal US Immigrants: Downgrading and Recovery. Population and Development Review, 34: 435–456. doi: 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2008.00231.x
- Issue published online: 5 SEP 2008
- Article first published online: 5 SEP 2008
Data from the New Immigrant Survey 2003 are examined to analyze trajectories in occupational prestige between the last job abroad and the first US job and from the first US job to the current US job for a select sample of men and women. Incorporating the first job in the United States overcomes an important limitation faced by many previous studies that were generally restricted to a comparison of the last job abroad and the US job as measured at the time of the survey. Distinctions are made between class-of-admission groups, since the trajectories toward labor market success vary systematically along that dimension. Consistent with a model of immigrant occupational assimilation, all preference groups show a U-shaped adjustment pattern with, on average, initial downgrading followed by subsequent ascension. However, although all groups exhibit a similar pattern, the trough of the U is deepest for refugees, who also experience the steepest subsequent upward climb.