Welfare Regimes for Aging Populations: No Single Path for Reform
Article first published online: 10 DEC 2009
© 2009 The Population Council, Inc.
Population and Development Review
Volume 35, Issue 4, pages 701–720, December 2009
How to Cite
Aysan, M. F. and Beaujot, R. (2009), Welfare Regimes for Aging Populations: No Single Path for Reform. Population and Development Review, 35: 701–720. doi: 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2009.00305.x
- Issue published online: 10 DEC 2009
- Article first published online: 10 DEC 2009
We consider recent trends in pension policies in OECD countries in light of demographic aging associated with welfare regime type (Liberal, Social Democratic, Continental, and Southern European). These regime types represent different responsibilities assumed for social security on the part of the market, the state, and the family. While there are significant differences in labor market characteristics, the demographic similarities in aging bring similar pressures for pension reforms across OECD countries. These reforms address fiscal issues in state pensions, typically by increasing the length of the working life, placing more of the pension responsibility on individuals, or converting to defined-contribution approaches. Our study shows that there is no single path for pension reform. While there are some variations, welfare states tend to follow their traditional paths, which differ across welfare regime types.