The Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Reproductive Morbidities Among Women in Oman

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Abstract

Drawing from a sample of 1,365 ever-married nonpregnant women in Oman who underwent a gynecological examination and laboratory tests as part of the 2000 National Health Survey, this study examines the prevalence of and risk factors associated with reproductive morbidities among women in Oman. Of the respondents, 4 percent had a sexually transmitted infection (STI), 25 percent had a reproductive tract infection (RTI), 10 percent suffered from genital prolapse, and 11 percent had a urinary tract infection (UTI). Younger women were two times more likely than older women to have an STI. More empowered women were more likely to have any RTI. Women with six or more children were more than three times more likely to have experienced genital prolapse, compared with those who had fewer children. UTIs were significantly associated with urban residence, being empowered, and having six or more children. A comparative analysis with other countries in the Arab world showed some variations in prevalence and risk factors. In light of the wide prevalence of reproductive morbidities, reproductive health services in Oman should be strengthened.

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