The Association Between Remarriage and HIV Infection in 13 Sub-Saharan African Countries
Version of Record online: 8 MAR 2012
© 2012 The Population Council, Inc.
Studies in Family Planning
Volume 43, Issue 1, pages 1–10, March 2012
How to Cite
de Walque, D. and Kline, R. (2012), The Association Between Remarriage and HIV Infection in 13 Sub-Saharan African Countries. Studies in Family Planning, 43: 1–10. doi: 10.1111/j.1728-4465.2012.00297.x
- Issue online: 8 MAR 2012
- Version of Record online: 8 MAR 2012
Separated, divorced, and widowed individuals in Africa are at significantly increased risk for HIV infection. Using nationally representative data from 13 sub-Saharan African countries, this study confirms that finding and goes further by examining those who have experienced a marital dissolution and are now remarried. Results show that remarried individuals form a large portion of the population and have a higher-than-average HIV prevalence. HIV-positive remarried individuals are at risk of transmitting the infection to their spouse, because many of the couples are serodiscordant. The large number of high-risk remarried individuals is a source of vulnerability and further infection, and should be acknowledged and taken into account by prevention strategies that rarely address this population.