Ethiopia: An Emerging Family Planning Success Story
Article first published online: 9 DEC 2013
© 2013 The Population Council, Inc.
Studies in Family Planning
Volume 44, Issue 4, pages 445–459, December 2013
How to Cite
Olson, D. J. and Piller, A. (2013), Ethiopia: An Emerging Family Planning Success Story. Studies in Family Planning, 44: 445–459. doi: 10.1111/j.1728-4465.2013.00369.x
- Issue published online: 9 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 9 DEC 2013
From 1990 to 2011, contraceptive use in Ethiopia increased ninefold and the total fertility rate fell from 7.0 to 4.8. These are two dramatic illustrations of a family planning success story that has emerged over the last two decades and is still emerging. What are the main elements of this success? We posit that the four most significant factors are: political will, generous donor support, nongovernmental and public–private partnerships, and the government's establishment of a network of health extension workers. In this study, we look at these factors and how their interaction increased the proportion of women having both the desire to use and ability to access contraceptives. Also highlighted are some of the key lessons learned in Ethiopia that are relevant to other African countries interested in emulating the country's success.