RADIOGRAPHIC APPEARANCE OF THE NAVICULAR BONE IN SOUND HORSES

Authors


Address correspondence and reprint requests to B. Kaser-Hotz, Veterinaer-Medizinische Klinik, Univesitaet Zuerich, Winterthurerstr. 260, 8057 Zuerich, Switzerland.

Abstract

Radiographs of the navicular bone in 523 sound horses were reviewed. Detailed evaluation criteria were used. The incidence of radiographic changes and variations in normal horses were recorded. Results were tested for right-left limb difference and for age relationship. Variation in shape and bone structure was commonly seen in the navicular bone. Radiographic changes with an incidence of less than 2% included flexor cortex defects and calcification on the flexor surface. Fragments at the distal navicular bone border, calcification in the impar ligament and enthesiophytes at the proximal border were radiographic findings with an incidence of 2% to 10%. Abnormal canals at the distal border were found in 11% horses. Elongation of the lateral proximal extremity was commonly found. The mean width of the flexor cortex was 3.6 mm.

Ancillary