M-mode echocardiography, color flow Doppler mapping, and pulsed wave Doppler echocardiography were used to characterize diastolic mitral regurgitation in five dogs and two cats with second- and third-degree atrioventricular block. Incomplete closure and partial reopening of the mitral valve following nonconducted P-waves were demonstrated by m-mode echocardiography. Low velocity reflux of blood into the left atrium after nonconducted P-waves was imaged by color-flow Doppler mapping and spectral Doppler echocardiography. Late diastolic mitral regurgitation was not observed in clinically normal control dogs or cats, but a low velocity, mid-diastolic flow reversal was detected in the dogs. This probably represented normal physiologic intravalvular flow. Diastolic mitral regurgitation is a common echocardiographic finding, in dogs and cats with, second- and third-degree atrioventricular block.