This study was supported by the Equine Laboratory at the University of California, Davis with funds provided by the Oak Tree Racing Association. the state of California satellite wagering fund, and contributions by private donors. Magnetic resonance imaging facilities were provided by General Electric NMR Instruments Company and Bruker Instruments Company, Fremont, CA.
A COMPARISON OF RADIOGRAPHY, COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY, AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF PALMAR PROCESS FRACTURES IN FOALS
Article first published online: 23 MAY 2005
Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Volume 36, Issue 6, pages 467–477, November 1995
How to Cite
Kaneps, A. J., Koblik, P. D., Freeman, D. M., Pool, R. R. and O'Brien, T. R. (1995), A COMPARISON OF RADIOGRAPHY, COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY, AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF PALMAR PROCESS FRACTURES IN FOALS. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 36: 467–477. doi: 10.1111/j.1740-8261.1995.tb00298.x
- Issue published online: 23 MAY 2005
- Article first published online: 23 MAY 2005
- Received August 29, 1994; accepted for publication October 24, 1994.
- computed tomography;
- magnetic resonance imaging;
- distal phalanx;
The relative sensitivity of radiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging for detecting palmar process fractures of the distal phalanx in foals was determined and the imaging findings were compared with histomorphologic evaluations of the palmar processes. Compared to radiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging did not improve the sensitivity for detection of palmar process fractures. Statistical agreement for palmar process fracture diagnosis was excellent among the three imaging modalities. Histomorphologic evaluations were more sensitive for diagnosis of palmar process fracture than any of the imaging modalities. Three-dimensional image reconstructions and volume measurements of distal phalanges and palmar process fracture fragments from computed tomography studies provided more complete anatomical information than radiography. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed that the deep digital flexor tendon insertion on the distal phalanx is immediately axial to the site where palmar process fractures occur, and differentiated cartilage, bone, and soft tissue structures of the hoof.