PULMONARY VENOUS FLOW CHARACTERISTICS AS ASSESSED BY TRANSTHORACIC PULSED DOPPLER ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY IN NORMAL DOGS

Authors

  • Karsten E. Schober Dr med vet,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland (UK). Dr. Schober's current address: Department of Small Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
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  • Virginia Luis Fuentes MA, VetMB, CertVR, DVC,

    1. Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland (UK). Dr. Schober's current address: Department of Small Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
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  • Joanna Dukes Mcewan BVMS, MVM, DVC,

    1. Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland (UK). Dr. Schober's current address: Department of Small Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
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  • Anne T. French MVB, CertVC

    1. Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland (UK). Dr. Schober's current address: Department of Small Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
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  • Supported by grant from the Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst, Bonn, Germany.

Address correspondence and reprint requests toDr. Schober, Department of Small Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, Zwickauer Strasse 57, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.

Abstract

Transthoracic Doppler echocardiography was used to evaluate the technique of measuring and normal patterns of pulmonary venous flow in fourteen normal dogs. Polyphasic pulmonary venous flow profiles were obtained in all dogs, consisting of one (S) or two (SE and SL) systolic forward flow waves, one early diastolic forward flow wave (D), one reverse flow wave (R) related to atrial contraction, and one reverse flow wave (R2) observed after cessation of systolic flow. Pulmonary venous flow was laminar in 9 dogs (65%). Maximal flow velocity during systole (0.39 ± 0.14 m/sec) was significantly lower (P < 0.01) than in early diastole (0.56 ± 0.14 m/sec). During late diastole peak flow velocity was 0.20 ± 0.08 m/sec and maximum R2 velocity was 0.17 ± 0.05 m/sec. Duration of mitral A-wave was significantly greater (P < 0.05) than R-wave duration in all dogs (0.075 ± 0.10 vs 0.058 ± 0.012 sec). These results can be used for comparison with patterns found in disease states.

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