Supported by a grant from Hill's Pet Nutrition, Inc., Topeka, Kansas.
COMPARISON OF GASTRIC EMPTYING TIMES IN HEALTHY CATS SIMULTANEOUSLY EVALUATED WITH RADIOPAQUE MARKERS AND NUCLEAR SCINTIGRAPHY
Article first published online: 23 MAY 2005
Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 89–95, January 1999
How to Cite
Goggin, J. M., Hoskinson, J. J., Kirk, C. A., Jewell, D. and Butine, M. D. (1999), COMPARISON OF GASTRIC EMPTYING TIMES IN HEALTHY CATS SIMULTANEOUSLY EVALUATED WITH RADIOPAQUE MARKERS AND NUCLEAR SCINTIGRAPHY. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 40: 89–95. doi: 10.1111/j.1740-8261.1999.tb01845.x
- Issue published online: 23 MAY 2005
- Article first published online: 23 MAY 2005
- Received January 28, 1998; accepted for publication March 3, 1998
- gastric emptying;
- radiopaque markers
Gastric emptying in 18 healthy cats was assessed simultaneously using scintigraphy and barium-impregnated polyethylene spheres (BIPS®). Canned Prescription Diet(r) Feline c/d(r) (Hill's Pet Nutrition, Inc., Topeka, KS) labeled with 99mTc-disofenin (Hepatolite, DuPont Merck Pharmaceutical Co., Billerica, Mass.) was fed on four separate days, Scintigraphic images were obtained at time 0 and then every 30 minutes to 6 hours. On the fourth scan day, 30 small (1.5 mm) and 10 large (5 mm) BIPS® (Chemstock Animal Health Ltd., Christchnrch, New Zealand) were mixed with the labeled meal, and in addition to scintigraphy, radiographs were made at 60-minute intervals for 6 hours. Gastric emptying was 11 to 15% slower on the day of simultaneous radiography as compared with the 3 days when only scintigraphy was performed (p≤ .05). Percentage retention of 1.5 mm BIPS® in the stomach was significantly greater than the percentage retained gastric activity at hours 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 (p≤ .05).BIPS® were clustered in the pyloric region of the stomach by 3 hours in all cats. In 10/18 animals, all BIPS® were retained in pyloric region of the stomach at 6 hours, despite observable decreased size of the gastric silhouette and ≤15% retained gastric activity. In conclusion, gastric emptying of 1.5-mm BIPS® does not parallel gastric emptying of 99mTc-disofenin labeled canned Prescription Diet(r) Feline c/d(r). Stress associated with radiography may delay gastric emptying. Diet type should be considered when evaluating clinical radiographic studies where BIPS® have been used.