CONTRAST ENHANCEMENT IN MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING USING INTRAVENOUS PARAMAGNETIC CONTRAST MEDIA: A REVIEW
Article first published online: 19 MAY 2005
Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Volume 41, Issue 1, pages 4–7, January 2000
How to Cite
Kuriashkin, I. V. and Losonsky, J. M. (2000), CONTRAST ENHANCEMENT IN MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING USING INTRAVENOUS PARAMAGNETIC CONTRAST MEDIA: A REVIEW. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 41: 4–7. doi: 10.1111/j.1740-8261.2000.tb00419.x
- Issue published online: 19 MAY 2005
- Article first published online: 19 MAY 2005
- Received April 14, 1998; accepted for publication January 25, 1999.
- magnetic resonance imaging;
- contrast enhancement;
- contrast media;
- veterinary radiology
Interest in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging as a major diagnostic tool in veterinary clinical medicine is increasing. Most MR studies are performed with the use of contrast enhancement via intravenous injection of paramagnetic gadolinium-containing contrast media. A vast number of publications are available regarding the use of contrast media in humans. The purpose of this paper is to assist practicing veterinary radiologists in understanding mechanisms of MR contrast enhancement. This paper reviews certain aspects of MR contrast enhancement, including physical, chemical and biologic characteristics of most common MR contrast media targeted primarily at the central nervous system (CNS). Authors also describe processes that explain changes in signal intensity on the MR images.