• myelomalacia;
  • spinal cord disease;
  • radiography;
  • dog

Myelomalacia is a hemorrhagic infarction of the spinal cord that can occur as a sequel to acute spinal cord injury. Myelomalacia may be focal or diffuse; the diffuse form is typically associated with cranial migration of neurologic signs (“ascending syndrome”) and is often fatal. In a retrospective study of seven affected dogs, diffuse myelomalacia was associated with intervertebral disc extrusion in five dogs, focal myelomalacia was associated with fibrocartilagenous embolus in one dog, and had no apparent cause in one dog. The myelographic signs included a variable degree of contrast medium infiltration into the spinal cord in six dogs (86%) and/or spinal cord swelling in six dogs (86%). In one dog with focal myelomalacia, the only myelographic sign was spinal cord swelling.