RESULTS OF MYELOGRAPHY IN SEVEN DOGS WITH MYELOMALACIA

Authors

  • D. Lu,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, The Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA, UK.
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  • C.R. Lamb,

    1. Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, The Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA, UK.
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  • M.P. Targett

    1. Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, The Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA, UK.
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Address correspondence and reprint requests to Mr. Lamb.

Abstract

Myelomalacia is a hemorrhagic infarction of the spinal cord that can occur as a sequel to acute spinal cord injury. Myelomalacia may be focal or diffuse; the diffuse form is typically associated with cranial migration of neurologic signs (“ascending syndrome”) and is often fatal. In a retrospective study of seven affected dogs, diffuse myelomalacia was associated with intervertebral disc extrusion in five dogs, focal myelomalacia was associated with fibrocartilagenous embolus in one dog, and had no apparent cause in one dog. The myelographic signs included a variable degree of contrast medium infiltration into the spinal cord in six dogs (86%) and/or spinal cord swelling in six dogs (86%). In one dog with focal myelomalacia, the only myelographic sign was spinal cord swelling.

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