This study was supported by a grant from the Willamette Valley Llama Foundation.
TRANSABDOMINAL ULTRASONOGRAPHIC APPEARANCE OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL VISCERA OF HEALTHY LLAMAS AND ALPACAS
Article first published online: 19 MAY 2005
Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Volume 43, Issue 4, pages 359–366, July 2002
How to Cite
Cebra, C. K., Watrous, B. J. and Cebra, M. L. (2002), TRANSABDOMINAL ULTRASONOGRAPHIC APPEARANCE OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL VISCERA OF HEALTHY LLAMAS AND ALPACAS. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 43: 359–366. doi: 10.1111/j.1740-8261.2002.tb01019.x
- Issue published online: 19 MAY 2005
- Article first published online: 19 MAY 2005
- Received June 16, 2001; accepted for publication October 30, 2001.
The purpose of this study was to describe the ultrasonographic appearance of the gastrointestinal viscera of healthy llamas and alpacas. Six adult llamas, five juvenile llamas, and five adult alpacas were scanned with a 5 MHz linear transducer. The first and third gastric compartments occupied most of the left and right ventral abdomen, respectively. The saccules of the first compartment gave its wall a unique, hyperechoic appearance; whereas, all other viscera appeared as tubular structures. Except for the third gastric compartment, motility was visible in all structures by movement of fluid segments or contraction of the wall. Where it could be measured, wall thickness was between 2 and 4 mm, except that the caudal portion of the third compartment occasionally had a thicker wall. Fluid segments in the intestines were generally short and short lived. This description of normal camelids should aid in the ultrasonographic assessment of camelids suspected to have a gastrointestinal disorder.